Using “Jigsaw Viewing“ Technique In Learning

Marshall  Mcluhan, a controversial observer of the media scene has said that many students actuallay interrupt their education while they are in school. How could this be? Mcluhan suggest that since todays children live in a world of electronic communication media, they can get more information from the mass communication media than by sitting and listening to a teacher  talk.
           A key problem in motivating students  arise from the fact  that many of  them  see little relationship between  what  call  on to do in school   and the world they  see  outside school. That world a highly visual one. Students become accustomed even before they  begin  to  expertly designed visual a message of many  kinds.
         The true value of educational efforts must be judged by the  qualities and quantities of learning effects not simply by the numbers of hours, of  classwork or the pedigrees or earnestness of teachers.  And it is by these some criteria that anything  purporting to be called  “ educational technolgy”
It can help to bridge the gap between the world outside and the world inside the school. Through television, film  and  other new media a curriculum can be made dynamic.
         It is clearly that using electronic system as a media in teaching English will encourage students to learn.  And this will not focus on one skill but also others such as reading, speaking, and listening. The  
Electronic system that is normally  use in teaching  listening is the tape recorder. There is a good reason for this; there is no limit to variety of the voices that tape can contain, besides tapes are small and modern cassette players are easily portable.
         As Brown and Yule (1983) suggest, four cluster of factors which can effect the difficulty of oral language task they relate to the speaker ( how many there are , how quickly they speak and   what   types of accent they have); the listener ( the role of the listener whether the participant eavesdropper, the level of response required the individual interest). Support ( whether there are pictures, diagram or other visual to support the text)  the content ( grammar, vocabulary, information structure, background knowledge assumed).
        Coakley and  Wolvin point out in the review of  research on listening in the native language that is much as 93% of the total meaning of message can be based on such visual cues as the speakers facial expression, posture, gesture and appearance.
        In    fact pictures, diagram and other visual aids largely influence in the oral language tasks to be learned  by the students. And we know that there are many  words in English which have the same sound but different meaning such as bean; been, whether; weather and so on. In this case visual aids are likely needed to support the text. Based on the fact above, I am interested to use video with a combination of sound and picture as a media to teach listening.
      And that is one idea to make listening comprehension more motivated and more succesfull,e specially where there are difficulties. The major advantage is that students can see people speaking and can have a visual context for what is being said.
       Jigsaw is communicative, in a sense that students can communicate to each other as the result of what they have heard and seen.


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